Professor; Department Chair; Associate Director, Cornell Population Center
My research program in development sociology makes substantive and methodological contributions in three subfields, including the sociology of education, social change, and the demography of inequality. My most recent research investigates the consequences of demographic change on a range of socioeconomic outcomes that include schooling, income inequality, economic development. In this research, I extend existing theoretical arguments (e.g. dilution, dividends) and methodological approaches (e.g. decomposition analysis). My empirical research combines national statistics and panel survey data. My teaching goals are to strengthen our department`s undergraduate and graduate training in social science research. These goals will be achieved by creating opportunities for practical research for the department's undergraduates, and by continuing to build a graduate course on the empirics of development and inequality. Specific objectives for the next two years are to (a) finalize and translate a reader on decomposition methods and (b) complete a book on the effects of demographic change on socioeconomic inequality in Africa. These goals will support my teaching and they align with our department`s focus on applied sociology and global development.
My research covers three related areas that include the sociology of education, social change, and the demography of inequality. A major focus in my current work is to refine existing frameworks for estimating the effects of demographic change on human capital formation. I apply these frameworks to study global trends in socioeconomic inequality. This work contributes to current policy efforts to expand schooling in developing countries but also to unanswered scientific questions about the consequences of demographic change.
Outreach and Extension Focus
My international outreach program seeks to strengthen social and demographic research in sub-Saharan Africa. With support from the Hewlett Foundation and the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), I have built an outreach program to support institutions that conduct demographic research and policy analysis throughout Francophone Africa. Our work has reached over 25 institutes in the region and nearly 150 trainees. In addition to training, we organize scientific and policy conferences in the region. to disseminate key research findings about population and development.
Past efforts have also involved advising global development institutions, non governmental groups and African nations on issues regarding trends in population and schooling, and their medium-term implications for socioeconomic development
My teaching rotation now includes two undergraduate courses and one graduate course. At the undergraduate level, I teach courses in social science research methods, and in Education and Inequality. Both courses are designed to meet key learning objectives at Cornell, specifically helping students "evaluate and effectively interpret factual claims and theories, and integrate quantitative and qualitative information to reach defensible conclusions."
At the graduate level, I have taught a course on Population and Development and I am now teaching a new course on the Empirics of Development and Inequality. The course takes students through the entire research process and reviews the range of methodological choices and likely pitfalls at each step of the process. Influential papers from the development literature are discussed and students get the opportunity to draft an empirical research paper focusing on a development issue of their choice.
DSOC 3130 Social Indicators;
DSOC 3050 Education, Inequality, and Development
DSoc6001: Empirics of Development and Inequality
Introduction to Sociology
Awards and Honors
- Member of UN’s Secretary General Panel to draft the 2019 report on Sustainable Development Goals (2017) United Nations
- Member, International Advisory Board (2012) Child Trends, World Family Map Project
- Board of Directors (2017) International Union for the Scientific Study of Population
- Adjunct Professor (2016) Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques (Cameroon)
- Board of Directors (2016) Population Association of America
- Eloundou-Enyegue, P. M., & Giroux, S. C. (2010). Introduction a l'Etude du Changement Social: Apport des Methodes de Decomposition. p. 70 Mediat, Yaounde, Cameroon.
Presentations and Activities
- Monitoring the Addis Declaration on Population and Development. A Framework. The Addis Declaration on Population and Development. November 2016. United Nations. Addis ABABA.
- Second demographic dividend in post-transition countries. Prospects, Prerequisites and Policies. UNFPA Conference on the Second Dividend in Arab Countries. November 2016. United Nations. Algeria.
- “Priority Policies to Harness the Demographic Dividend in Africa”. UNFPA high level conference on the demographic Dividend . June 2016. United Nations. Dakar, Senegal.
- Monitoring the African Union Resolutions on Population and Development”. High-level meeting of African National Population Commissions . March 2016. UNFPA . Addis ABABA.
- The Demographic Dividend at the Crossroads. UNFPA Summit on the Demographic Dividend. March 2016. United Nations. Abuja, Nigeria.
- Population and International Development. February 2016. Veterinary School, Cornell University. Cornell University.
- A Dividing Dividend? Implications of Global Population Changes for GDP and Schooling Change. Harvard Population Center Seminar Series. November 2013. Harvard Population Center. Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- Population, Environment, and Sustainability: Beyond IPAT. Population Environment and Sustainability . October 2013. US National Academy of Sciences. Washington DC.
- Harnessing a Dividend: Challenges and Opportunities. United Nations, New York, NY. World Population Trends: Challenges and Opportunities . October 2013. United Nations. New York.
- Is the World Flattening. April 2013. Clemson University. Clemson, South Carolina.